Band 1: 0.45-0.52μm (blue).
Provides increased penetration of water bodies, as well as supporting analysis of land use, soil, and vegetation characteristics.
Band 2: 0.52-0.60μm (green).
This band spans the region between the blue and red chlorophyll absorption bands and therefore corresponds to the green reflectance of healthy vegetation.
Band 3: 0.63-0.69μm (red).
This is the red chlorophyll absorption band of healthy green vegetation and represents one of the most important bands for vegetation discrimination. Spectral Cover of Landsat Sensors 19
Band 4: 0.76-0.90μm (reflective infrared).
This band is responsive to the amount of vegetation biomass present in the scene. It is useful for crop identification and emphasizes soil-crop and land-water contrasts.
Band 5: 1.55-1.75μm (mid-infrared)
This band is sensitive to the amount of moisture in plants and therefore useful in crop draught and in plant vigor studies.
Band 6: 2.08-2.35μm (thermal infrared)
This band measures the amount of infrared radiant flux emitted from surface.
Band 7: 2.08-2.35μm (mid-infrared)
This is an important band for the discrimination of geologic rock formation. It is effective in identifying zones of hydrothermal alteration in rocks.